Many universities release employment reports for graduates. Where do graduates from prestigious universities find jobs

2022-05-07 0 By

During this period, many “double first-class” universities have released reports on the employment quality of their graduates in 2021.According to statistics from the Ministry of Education, the number of college graduates in 2022 will reach 10.76 million, an increase of 1.67 million over the previous year and a record high in both size and increment.Just after the Spring Festival, the National Development and Reform Commission issued a document on February 6, pointing out that promoting the employment of college graduates will be the top priority of employment work this year.The trend of graduates is attracting public attention.Recently, a reporter from China Youth Daily and China Youth Network combed the employment quality reports of graduates of 2021 from several well-known universities and found that: Affected by the epidemic, the number of graduates studying abroad has been impacted, and the number of graduates studying in China has steadily increased;In terms of employment choice, new forms of employment such as flexible employment have emerged among graduates.In terms of regional choice, non-first-tier cities and grassroots employment have become the new choice for graduates.Since 2020, the proportion of college students studying abroad has declined due to COVID-19 and other factors.According to the employment quality report of Peking University and Tsinghua University in recent years, the number of Peking University graduates studying abroad in 2019 was 1,155, accounting for 14.79%.In 2020, the number of people going abroad decreased to 13.34 percent from 1,084.In 2021, the number dropped to 793, or 8.17 percent.Among them, the number of undergraduate students going abroad dropped to 18.90 percent from 30.01 percent in 2019.The proportion of Tsinghua university graduates going abroad dropped from 15.3 percent in 2019 to 9.6 percent in 2020.In 2021, the number has further dropped to 517, which has halved to 6.9 percent compared with two years ago.Nowadays, the proportion of many well-known universities studying abroad has dropped to 10% or even below 10%.For example, the overall advanced study rate of 2021 UNDERGRADUATE students of Beijing Institute of Technology is 64.31%, and the rate of overseas advanced study is 10.77%.In the class of 2021, 48.26% of southeast University undergraduates will study in China and 10.53% will study abroad.Of the graduates of SJTU in 2021, 25.32 percent studied in China and 8.91 percent studied abroad.In the class of 2021, 523 graduates of Nankai University chose to study abroad, accounting for only 7.16 percent of the total number of graduates.In the class of 2021, 4.8 percent of neU graduates studied abroad.In addition, with the development of economic society, various new forms of employment are emerging.The Report “Non-standard Employment in the World: Understanding the Challenges and Shaping the Future” released by the International Labor Organization (ILO) in 2016 points out that in the past decades, both developed and developing countries have experienced a shift from standard employment to non-standard employment, and non-standard employment is becoming generalized in all countries around the world.”In general, non-standard employment refers to work outside the scope of ‘standard employment relationship’, which is divided into four types: temporary employment, part-time work, temporary agency work and other multi-party employment, hidden employment and dependent self-employment.”The growth of non-standard employment is the result of a combination of multiple factors and reflects the changes that economic globalization has brought to the labor world.”Peking University education economics institute professor Yue Changjun said.In the report of many universities this year, “flexible employment” has become a very existential data.It is reported that 218 graduates, accounting for 7.01%, will have flexible employment in 2021.The number of flexible employment of 2021 graduates of SJTU is 241, accounting for 7.57% of the total number of graduates.At ECNU, the proportion of flexible employment among non-public funded non-normal university graduates is 11.9%, 3.07% for master’s degree students and 4.14% for doctoral students.In addition, according to the Peking University “National College graduates employment situation survey” since 2003, the research group of the national survey shows that in the structure of graduates’ destination, “unit employment” accounted for less than 50%.On the contrary, the proportion of non-standard employment, such as “self-employment”, “freelancing” and “other flexible employment”, is on the rise, and has become a form of employment that college graduates must face and accept.From the employment trend of college graduates in recent years, “to the place where the motherland needs” has become the employment direction recognized by more and more university students.As can be seen from the employment quality reports of many colleges and universities, the number of people working in key industries and units of the state, as well as in central and western regions and at grassroots level is increasing year by year.For example, xi ‘an Jiaotong University has a total of 8,993 graduates in the class of 2021, and 56.29% of them work in key national industries and institutions, among which 21.76% work in key state-owned enterprises directly under the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission and important scientific research institutions.A total of 342 graduates of SJTU went to work in national defense technology units and units, 32 more than in 2020. In the past five years, a total of 1139 graduates of SJTU went to work in national defense technology units and units, showing a yearly growth trend.In the class of 2021, 66.47 percent of bJTU graduates signed contracts to work in key national fields (information technology, rail transit, construction, finance, electric power, military industry).Go to the west, go to the grassroots has become more and more college students employment.According to statistics, more than 50% of tsinghua University’s 2021 graduates will work in institutions outside Beijing, and more than 200 will work in grassroots public sectors in the west and northeast of China.Among the graduates of Xi ‘an Jiaotong University in 2021, many of them chose to work in the western regions where the country needs them most. The employment rate in the western region accounted for 49.61%.271 people from China University of Political Science and Law chose to work in western China and grassroots units.The selection and transfer of students has become one of the main ways for many elite students to make achievements at grassroots level.Nankai University has 311 people engaged in national and local grassroots employment programs.In the past five years, a total of 836 graduates from Shanghai Jiao Tong University have been employed in grassroots units through selective transfer, with the number and quality of graduates increasing steadily year by year.Ecnu employed 126 selected students from 27 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government), 38 more than last year.Financial industry, education industry, information technology service industry, public administration and social organizations, and science and technology industry have all become popular employment fields for graduates.For example, the top three industries in which Tsinghua University graduates in 2021 signed tripartite employment agreements are information transmission, software and information technology services, education, public administration, social security and social organizations.The graduates of Peking University in 2021 are mainly employed in information transmission, software and information technology services, education, finance, public administration, social security and social organizations.In addition, many colleges and universities with their own disciplinary characteristics have an obvious tendency in the employment industry, reflecting their own advantages in running schools and talent training direction.For example, the proportion of graduates from China University of Political Science and Law working in state party and government organs was high, with 873, accounting for 42.05 percent of the total number.In the class of 2021, 792 graduates will work in the rail transit industry, accounting for 17.57% of the total.The proportion of ecNU graduates engaged in education-diploma industry is the largest, accounting for 42.94%.It is not easy to find a job.According to employment quality reports released by many universities, graduates from these prestigious universities have put a lot of effort into finding a satisfactory job, and it often takes several months from the beginning of the job search to finding a job.For example, the report from Xi ‘an Jiaotong University shows that graduates in the class of 2021 have spent more time preparing for job hunting, with 68.94 percent of them spending one year or more preparing for job hunting.For graduates of Nanjing University in 2021, the average time for job hunting is 23.17% between two and three months, and 26.47% between three and six months.How many resumes does it take for a student from a prestigious university to receive an offer?According to statistics from many universities, most graduates need to send 20 to 30 resumes, and most students get two or three offers after multiple screening.More than 50% of nanjing University graduates reported that the number of resumes submitted was concentrated in 10 or less, among which the number of resumes submitted by master graduates was higher than that of undergraduate graduates and doctoral graduates.According to a survey by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, undergraduates sent out 13.47 resumes, received 5.47 interview opportunities and 2.31 offers of employment on average, taking an average of 2.52 months.On average, graduate students sent 22.23 resumes, received 9.60 interview opportunities and 3.25 offers of employment, taking an average of 3.09 months.In addition, nankai University graduates sent 31.62 resumes on average, received 10.28 interview invitations on average, and received 3.01 job offers on average.Ecnu graduates sent 23.34 resumes on average, 0.87 fewer than last year, and each graduate received 2.92 job offers on average. In terms of degrees, master’s degrees received the most offers (3.29), followed by doctoral degrees (2.39) and bachelor’s degrees (2.25).College students’ employment has always been an important issue related to people’s livelihood and social development.In recent years, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and other relevant departments through a variety of policies and measures to help college students find jobs, the employment quality report released by colleges and universities is also an important part of the employment work.Yue Changjun believes that in the era of big data, it is necessary to provide sufficient and effective employment information to promote the employment of college graduates and improve the quality and efficiency of employment.”In recent years, universities have released annual reports on the employment quality of college graduates, but there is no national report on the quality of employment.It is suggested to release a national overall report based on the overall data of college graduates.”In addition, yue said that in order to achieve fuller and higher quality employment, it is necessary to improve the quality of talent cultivation of college graduates, and improve the degree of matching students’ interests, majors and careers.”The so-called ‘high-quality employment’ or ‘good job’, the basic condition is to be able to harmonize one’s interests, major and occupation.Choose a major according to interest, can have enthusiasm to study well;Only by choosing a career according to major can we combine learning with application and give full play to human capital level.Therefore, the matching degree of interest, major and occupation is an important indicator to measure the quality of employment.”Yue Changjun said.(China Youth Daily)